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04宋-斗茶

宋-斗茶Tea Games in the Song Dynasty

宋代,飲茶已成為開門七件事之一。宋徽宗于公元1107年著有《大觀茶論》一書,全書共二十篇,對北宋時期蒸青團茶的產地、采制、烹試、品質、斗茶風尚等均有詳細記述。其中“點茶”一篇,見解精辟,論述深刻.從一個側面反映了北宋以來我國茶業的發達程度和制茶技術的發展狀況,也為我們認識宋代茶道留下了珍貴的文獻資料。

In the Song Dynasty, drinking tea has become one of the sevenessential things of daily life. In 1107, Emperor Huizong wrote the book Views on Tea. The book consists of 20 articles, covering the origin, picking, making, quality of steamed and extruded green tea, and the fashion of tea games in the North Song Dynasty. One of the insightful and profound articles, Ceremonies of Pouring Tea, reflects the prosperity of China's tea industry and the development of tea-making technology since the North Song Dynasty, and is also precious literature for us to know the tea ceremony at that time.

明 宣德無款 黃地堆花綠龍紋茶鐘

明代,洪武二十四年(公元1391年),明太祖正式廢除福建建安團茶進貢,禁造團茶,改茶制為芽茶,“罷造龍團,惟采芽茶以進”,就此改變了飲用末茶的習慣,也結束了自唐以來團茶居領先地位的歷史。改進散茶,引起沖泡法的改變,茶壺開始廣泛使用。 自明朝開始,青茶(烏龍茶)、花茶、黑茶、紅茶等各類茶葉開始創制出現。
清代,茶館達到鼎盛。

In the twenty-fourth year of the Hongwu reign in the Ming Dynasty (1391 AD), Emperor Ming Taizu officially abolished the tribute of steamed and extruded green tea from Jian'an, Fujian Province, replacing it with bud tea. It changed people’s habit of drinking tea cake and ended the leading position of tea cake since the Tang Dynasty. Bud tea also changed the tea making method and teapots began to be widely used.
Since the Ming Dynasty, various types of tea, such as oolong tea, flower tea, dark tea, and black tea were created. Until the Qing Dynasty, the development of teahouse reached its peak.

清末、民國,因戰爭等原因,社會動蕩,民生凋敝,我國茶業處于艱難困頓狀態。
1949年之后,我國茶業得以陸續恢復,目前已進入蓬勃發展階段。正像一句名言所說:盛世興茶!

From the late Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China, China's tea industry went through a difficult period due to political instability, wars and other reasons.
Since 1949, the tea industry began to recover gradually and until now it has entered the period of vigorous development, just like a famous saying goes: tea meets its prosperity in flourishing age!

04宋-斗茶
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